By G. Alan Marlatt, Katie Witkiewitz
Because the winning predecessor of this quantity was once first released, a brand new iteration of study has turn into to be had on addictive behaviors corresponding to consuming, smoking, and different substance use. The articles during this assortment, reprinted from American mental organization journals, describe a variety of organic, mental, and social ways to learning and treating addictive behaviors. the results of addictive behaviors diversity from unwell well-being and social and kinfolk difficulties to financial and felony problems. Psychologists' roles in mediating the unwanted effects of habit comprise gaining knowledge of the results of drug motion, learning the epidemiology and etiology of drug and alcohol abuse, designing prevention courses, figuring out the trajectory of substance abuse and relations chance components, screening and overview, discovering the easiest types of remedy, and figuring out the wishes of particular populations. the most recent techniques to all of those initiatives are showcased during this quantity, with a purpose to be of curiosity to scientific future health psychologists and different psychological well-being execs from graduate scholars to pro clinicians and researchers.
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Extra info for Addictive Behaviors: New Readings on Etiology, Prevention, and Treatment
Ironically, the disease model that was supposed to diffuse moralistic judgment has instead become intertwined with it (Moyers & Miller, 1993; Peele, 1989; Szasz, 1974). One result of this stigma, and of the idea that one either "is" or "isn't" an alcoholic/ addict, is that people are dissuaded from recognizing a concem and seeking help until their problems have become severe and recalcitrant. Scientific evidence supports nothing like a black-or-white diagnostic picture but rather a continuum of severity, as occurs with most psychological problems.
In the 8-year, multisite trial, patients were matched to the three specific treatment approaches: twelve-step facilitation, cognitive-behavioral coping skills therapy, and motivational enhancement therapy. Contrary to investigators' expectations, on the basis of prior research evidence, Project MATCH found that patient-treatment matching does not substantially alter treatment outcome. Treatment in all three approaches resulted in substantial reductions in drinking, with reductions sustained over a 12-month period.
O'Malley, S. , Jaffe, A. , Meyer, R. , & Rounsaville, B. (1996). Six-month follow-up of naltrexone and psychotherapy for alcohol dependence. Archives of General Psychiatry, 53, 217-224. O'Malley, S. , Jaffe, A. , Schottenfeld, R. , Meyer, R. , & Rounsaville, B. (1992). Naltrexone and coping skills therapy for alcohol dependence: A controlled study. Archives of General Psychiatry, 49, 881-887. Project MATCH Research Group. (1997). Matching alcoholism treatments to client heterogeneity: Project MATCH posttreatment drinking outcomes.