Download Advances in the Theory of the Lexicon (Interface by Dieter Wunderlich PDF

By Dieter Wunderlich

The e-book investigates the interface constitution of the lexicon from numerous views, together with typology and processing. It surveys paintings on verb periods, verb-noun similarities, semantic representations, ideas and buildings of polysynthetic languages, examine at the processing of inflectional and derivational components, and new paintings on inheritance-based community types. The e-book may be of curiosity to researchers and complex scholars in all fields of linguistics and within the cognitive sciences.

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Traces this development back to the work of Baudouin de Courtenay. Concepts of the lexicon in theoretical linguistics 33 lary. Monomorphemic words are always treated as elements of the lexicon given their character as signs in the Saussurean sense. Since there is an arbitrary connection between form and meaning in simple words, they cannot be analyzed morphologically. Only complex words may be the subject of morphology. Consequently, the lexicon has to contain all root morphemes of a language plus all other linguistic irregularities that may concern both complex words and syntactic units like phrases and sentences (in the case of idiomatic expressions).

1. The lexicon in Structural Linguistics The founding father of Structural Linguistics, Ferdinand de Saussure, discusses in his (posthumously edited) lectures the lexicon only in a marginal way. ” [‘A declination is neither a list of forms nor a series of logical abstractions but a combination of both: forms and functions are in complete solidarity; it is difficult if not impossible to separate them’]. For this reason, lexicology cannot be excluded from grammar, since many relationships can be expressed by words as well as by grammatical means; cf.

Actually, Chomsky wanted to delimit the theoretical frame for competence rather than explain the real production and reception of sentences (which would be a matter of performance). 5 But until now nobody has furnished convincing ———–———————————————————————————— 5 Recently, Pullum (1996: 142) criticized Chomsky for taking “grammars to exist physically in the human brain”. Concepts of the lexicon in theoretical linguistics 31 evidence for a direct connection between the results of linguistic descriptions and psychological activities.

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