By Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development
Read Online or Download Ageing And Employment Policies: Italy (Ageing and Employment Policies) PDF
Similar labor & industrial relations books
Ramparts of Resistance examines the event of British and US staff over the past 3 many years to provide a wide research of the necessity for a brand new self reliant politics of alternate unionism. contemporary years have visible nice alterations within the alternate union flow, from waves of moves within the Seventies to a battery of service provider and nation onslaughts, culminating within the anti-union laws of the Nineteen Eighties and Nineteen Nineties. taking a look at grassroots labour struggles, Cohen explores problems with reformism, exchange union democracy and the political which means of standard office resistance, and places ahead principles for switch. Ramparts of Resistance examines the failure of the union stream to upward thrust to the neo-liberal problem and demands a brand new politics of self sufficient unionism and an explicitly class-based renewal of "workers' power". Coming at a time while union job and club involvement maintains regardless of the chances, this publication is an inspiring consultant to the course that unionism may still take.
During this follow-up to Balls and moves: the money video game in specialist Baseball (Praeger, 1990), Jennings examines the country baseball's hard work kinfolk in the course of an almost 25 12 months interval, targeting the historical past and the result of the 1994 baseball strike. Jennings concludes by means of suggesting how one can enhance destiny hard work kin within the activity.
- Special Interest: Teachers Unions and America's Public Schools
- The Political Economy of Market Reform in Jordan
- Chocolate Islands: Cocoa, Slavery, and Colonial Africa
- Unemployment Insurance and Non-Standard Employment: Four European Countries in Comparison
Additional resources for Ageing And Employment Policies: Italy (Ageing and Employment Policies)
Thus, Chapter 4 examines those factors which negatively affect the attitudes of employers towards older workers. Chapter 5 looks at barriers that workers themselves face to gaining access to better jobs. Finally, Chapter 6 emphasises the importance of policy coherence in implementing reforms. AGEING AND EMPLOYMENT POLICIES: ITALY – ISBN-92-64-01703-8 © OECD 2004 CHAPTER 1. THE CHALLENGE AHEAD – 33 Chapter 1 THE CHALLENGE AHEAD In Italy, the ageing process is well underway. The old-age dependency ratio is already one of the highest in the OECD countries in 2000 and will continue to rise steeply.
For Italian women, the effective retirement age has fallen from almost 62 years in the mid-1980s to 57 years in the mid-1990s. The fall recorded until the mid-1990s is the result of policies undertaken in previous decades when early retirement was used to support companies in crisis and to favour the employment of younger workers. 1. Average effective age of retirement by gender in Italy, a 1960-2002 65 64 Men 63 62 61 Women 60 59 58 57 56 702 499 19 9 297 19 9 095 19 9 893 19 9 691 19 8 489 19 8 287 19 8 085 19 8 883 19 8 681 19 7 479 19 7 277 19 7 075 19 7 873 19 7 671 19 6 469 19 6 267 19 6 19 6 19 6 065 55 a) Estimated average age at which individuals older than 40 left the labour force during any given five-year period.
The estimates are derived using pseudo cohorts by five-year age groups for persons initially aged 40 and over. They are calculated by weighting the average age of each cohort over a given five-year period by its share of the total decline in participation rates for all cohorts between the beginning and end of the period. Source: OECD estimates. 14 A more disaggregated analysis shows that the change of behaviour can mainly be ascribed to the reduced number of very early retirements, concerning workers aged less than 55 (Ministry of Labour and Social Policies, 2002a).