Download Appropriate Waste Management for Developing Countries by Pablo Bifani (auth.), Kriton Curi (eds.) PDF

By Pablo Bifani (auth.), Kriton Curi (eds.)

The value of defending the surroundings opposed to pollutants is an target which won foreign reputation within the fresh years. in line with the 1st precept of the announcement of the United international locations convention at the Human atmosphere which came about in Stockholm in 1972, "man .... bears a solemn accountability to guard and increase the surroundings for current and destiny genera­ tions". The United international locations back of their wish to increase the sanitation stipulations allover the realm made up our minds to proclaim the interval among 1981-1990 because the "International consuming Water provide and Sanitation Decade." even if makes an attempt were made by means of inter­ nationwide agencies to avoid toxins, it's tricky to assert that those makes an attempt gave passable ends up in constructing nations. the most typical purposes of failure are: a) to discover options to their environmental difficulties, advance­ ing nations often search the help of engineers and scientists from constructed international locations. repeatedly, how­ ever, both out of lack of information of the neighborhood or because of monetary motivations, those specialists pop out with ideas that are faraway from being regarded as the "most appropriate." consequently, the elemental target of defending the surroundings isn't really accomplished. b) makes an attempt made by means of constructed international locations to "export" their wastes - specifically the unsafe ones - to the constructing global, is one other risk - and infrequently cause of failure­ encountered within the box of Environmental Management.

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The reports of both meetings have been combined in a UNEP publication,"Technology, Development and the Environment : a reappraisal," prepared by Professor Amulya K. N. Reddy (1879). The Management of Water Hyacinth The approach outlined in the first part has been applied in the design and implementation of a joint UNEP/Commonwealth Science Council project for the management of water hyacinth, a water weed extremely prolific which creates economic and environmental problems which have been accentuated by the application of modern technology.

The results of all the above-mentioned activities have been published and widely distributed to promote their use and application in different regions of the world. CONCLUSIONS Technology should be developed, promoted and adopted taking into account the character of the impact of its application both on the socio-economic as well as on the natural system. The concept of environmental technology should refer to the incorporation of the environmental dimension in the generation and development of technology and in the criteria for their selection and assessment.

Where pineapples are canned, less than 20 per cent of the whole fruit is used; the remainder, often in the form of a highly polluting liquid, can cause considerable disposal problems. In Malaysia in 1974, for example, 250,000 tons of pineapples generated only 40,000 tons of canned fruit together with 210,000 tons of residues. The core, skins and fresh wastes of pineapples are often crushed for juice, and in Kenya and elsewhere the resulting bran is dried and used as cattle feed. In the Phillipines, the residues are converted into wine, but in other countries they are not utilized at all.

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