By Linda Gordon
With three-fourths of all bad households headed by way of ladies and approximately fifty four percentage of single-mother households residing lower than the poverty line, a rethinking of the basic assumptions of our much-reviled welfare software is obviously precious. the following, Linda Gordon reveals the tangled roots of AFDC (Aid to households with established Children). Competing visions of ways and to whom public reduction may be disbursed have been complex by means of male bureaucrats, black women's enterprises, and white innovative feminists. From their coverage debates emerged a two-track procedure of public relief, during which unmarried moms acquired hugely stigmatized "welfare" whereas different teams, equivalent to the elderly and the unemployed, got "entitlements."
Gordon strips trendy welfare debates of many years of inappropriate and irrational accretion, revealing that what seemed revolutionary within the Thirties is antiquated within the Nineteen Nineties. She exhibits that in simple terms through laying off fake assumptions, and rethinking the character of poverty, will we boost a really powerful welfare reform.
Read or Download Pitied But Not Entitled: Single Mothers and the History of Welfare, 1890-1935 PDF
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With three-fourths of all negative households headed via girls and approximately fifty four percentage of single-mother households residing under the poverty line, a rethinking of the basic assumptions of our much-reviled welfare software is obviously beneficial. right here, Linda Gordon reveals the tangled roots of AFDC (Aid to households with based Children).
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Extra resources for Pitied But Not Entitled: Single Mothers and the History of Welfare, 1890-1935
The ciety called [Associated Charities] saying that infant away . . medical examination These vignettes were from another class and w^ritten . . Humane So- Mrs. "* about single mothers by observers —charity w^orkers, moral — or often glaringly v^ith particular interests social v^orkers, those w^ho felt responsible to help, to reform, to discipline. They did not moralistic^ hesitate to make — judgments based on inadequate information and know^l- edge of the context. "Moralistic" has a variety of meanings: Preachy, rigid, inflexible, ignoring the actual universe of choice available to the one w^ho is 7 Single Mothers criticized.
In addition, sonal child care seemed strange to most mothers. The organized child care option most used by sibly threatening to this kind of imper- single mothers was Only these arrangements provided the long hours of care that working mothers required for their children. Because orphanages and foster care had long-term placement in institutions or foster care. seemed less alien than day nursfrom their children beseparated were mothers eries. '^ These long-term placements created dangers. \()t KntitU'd and often foreign-born or nonwhite —found that they could have trouble getting their children returned.
African Americans were not at the center of attention for the elite rewives fewer still. availability of contraception — formers who defined the problem. ^^ But southern blacks in seemed a world apart to the northern elite whites who dominated the national welfare discourse. The meanings of "single mother" in the depression and of "dependent children" in the Social Security Act were shaped by the white experience. By contrast, when single motherhood was rediscovered in the 1960s, blacks were represented in substantial numbers in northern the 1930s cities.