By Stephanie E. Smallwood
This daring, leading edge booklet delivers to substantially modify our figuring out of the Atlantic slave exchange, and the depths of its horrors. Stephanie E. Smallwood bargains a penetrating examine the method of enslavement from its African origins during the heart Passage and into the yankee slave marketplace. Smallwood's tale is lively through deep study and offers us a startlingly photograph event of the slave exchange from the vantage element of the slaves themselves. finally, Saltwater Slavery info how African humans have been reworked into Atlantic commodities within the technique. She starts off her narrative at the shorelines of seventeenth-century Africa, tracing how the alternate in human our bodies got here to outline the lifetime of the Gold Coast. Smallwood takes us into the ports and stone fortresses the place African captives have been held and ready, after which in the course of the heart Passage itself. In amazing aspect, we witness those women and men cramped within the holds of ships, gasping for air, and attempting to make feel of an unexpected sea and an incredible vacation spot. Arriving in the USA, we see how those new migrants input the marketplace for laboring our bodies, and fight to reconstruct their social identities within the New global. all through, Smallwood examines how the folks on the middle of her story--merchant capitalists, sailors, and slaves--made experience of the bloody approach during which they have been joined. the result's either a notable transatlantic view of the tradition of enslavement, and a painful, intimate imaginative and prescient of the bloody, day-by-day company of the slave alternate. (20070115)
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Additional resources for Saltwater Slavery: A Middle Passage from Africa to American Diaspora
In this way, victors acquired both the productive and the reproductive labor of defeated communities. The human spoils of war produced two forms of wealth: if assimilated as slave laborers and wives, war captives supplied productive and reproductive labor; alternatively, if disposed of through sale, war captives could be made into profitable commodities and exchanged for European goods on the Atlantic coast. As long as local demand remained high (through the second half of the seventeenth century), more captives became slaves in the Gold Coast than were put aboard European ships for export.
As clients of the Accra rulers, the Abrade traders helped consolidate control of the northern Accra frontier and the trade routes down to the coast. As a result, a large gold market established at Abonse, near Nyanaoase, “by the third decade of the seventeenth century” formed a boundary beyond which upland merchants transporting gold were not permitted to travel. The Abrade merchants consolidated their control over the main routes into Accra and then extended their reach to other north-south routes to such a degree that by the middle of the century nearly all trade in the vicinity of the kingdom flowed into and out of Abonse.
Understanding of how and why a region that had been an importer of people from elsewhere became an exporter The Gold Coast and the Atlantic Market in People • 21 of its own people requires analysis of the relation between emergent institutions of political authority and the Atlantic market economy, by then firmly rooted in the Gold Coast. For it was because of the complex interplay of these factors that the consequences of captivity began to take a decidedly unanticipated turn by the end of the seventeenth century.