By Stuart Gillespie, Lawrence Haddad
The best variety of malnourished youngsters on the earth dwell in Asia. The Double Burden of Malnutrition in Asia is encouraged through the large problem that this example presently poses for Asia. It describes the most using forces at the back of the groundswell of undernutrition, whereas laying off mild at the rising ‘double burden’ of co-existing underweight and obese, and the linkages among those varied different types of malnutrition.
Following precise analyses of motives and outcomes, Gillespie and Haddad supply transparent evidence-based strategies for remedial motion in differing contexts, all in keeping with using a pragmatic method of conceptualising hazards and possibilities in the course of the lifecycle. Taken jointly, the proof and event provided through the authors represent a robust weapon within the conflict opposed to malnutrition, and one who is appropriate for quite a lot of actors and associations either in Asia and past.
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Additional resources for The Double Burden of Malnutrition in Asia: Causes, Consequences, and Solutions
In developing countries, such studies are scarce. 6 million children in the developing world had a high BMI that might be indicative of overweight. In Asia, Eastern Asia showed higher-than-expected prevalence percentages for 1995. South Central and Southeast Asia did not show overweight problems (ACC/SCNIFPRI 2000). , 2000). , 2000). For example, in the PRC, overweight among children is higher in urban than in rural areas. ). The coexistence of undernutrition with overnutrition in Asian households is also increasing, inducing a double burden of disease (Popkin 1998).
The most common types of nutrition intervention are breastfeeding promotion, growth monitoring and promotion, communications for behavioral change (including improved complementary feeding), supplementary feeding, and micronutrient supplementation. These are primarily community-based interventions, although they may or may not be community-driven. Fortification is another approachin 24 § The Double Burden of Malnutrition in Asia this case, to control micronutrient deficiencythat is direct, albeit not community-based.
Strategies are available to increase iron absorption through plant breeding, but the efficacy and effectiveness of this approach have not been evaluated. Fortification of foods with iron has produced improvements in iron status in several countries. Iron fortification of maize and wheat in Venezuela is one such example. In Ghana, electrolytic iron reduced anemia and iron deficiency when added to a complementary food. Double fortification of salt with iodine and iron has the potential to prevent both iron and iodine deficiencies, and has been effective in improving Hb concentrations in India.