By Gary W. Gallagher
Mostly considered as crucial of the Civil warfare campaigns carried out within the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia, that of 1864 lasted greater than 4 months and claimed greater than 25,000 casualties. The armies of Philip H. Sheridan and Jubal A. Early contended for gigantic stakes. past the rural bounty and the advance in morale to be won with a victory, occasions within the Valley could impact Abraham Lincoln's percentages for reelection within the November 1864 presidential canvass.The 11 essays during this quantity reexamine universal assumptions concerning the crusade, its significant figures, and its importance. making the most of the newest scholarship and quite a lot of fundamental resources, participants study technique and strategies, the performances of key commanders on both sides, the campaign's political repercussions, and the reviews of civilians stuck within the direction of the armies. The authors don't constantly consider each other, yet, taken jointly, their essays spotlight vital connections among the house entrance and the battlefield, in addition to ways that army affairs, civilian reviews, and politics performed off each other through the campaign.Contributors: William W. Bergen, Charlottesville, VirginiaKeith S. Bohannon, nation collage of West GeorgiaAndre M. Fleche, collage of VirginiaGary W. Gallagher, collage of VirginiaJoseph T. Glatthaar, college of North Carolina at Chapel HillRobert E. L. Krick, Richmond, VirginiaRobert okay. Krick, Fredericksburg, VirginiaWilliam J. Miller, Churchville, VirginiaAaron Sheehan-Dean, collage of North FloridaWilliam G. Thomas, college of Nebraska-LincolnJoan Waugh, collage of California, la
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Additional info for The Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1864 (Military Campaigns of the Civil War)
The Confederate army at this date was about twenty thousand strong . . ” The remaining tens of thousands of soldiers under his control, claimed Sheridan, had to be deployed to protect cities, guard the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, and cover supply lines. 13 Although clearly disingenuous in dealing with numbers in the Valley, Sheridan came closer to the truth than did Grant. The commanding general’s memoirs advanced the utterly unsupportable claim that each side initially fielded about 38,000 troops.
Gallagher of the 1864 Valley campaign, however, Early’s memoirs hewed much closer to the actual numbers than either Sheridan’s or Grant’s. He gave his strength just prior to Third Winchester as between 12,500 and 13,000 and Sheridan’s as “at least 35,000 infantry” — estimates almost identical to those in the best modern scholarship. 12 Sheridan’s memoirs, in contrast, greatly underestimated his own force and overestimated Early’s at the outset of the campaign. “The Confederate army at this date was about twenty thousand strong .
24 Jubal Early also met his strategic goals for more than four months. During the first phase of the Valley campaign, he saved Lynchburg, cleared the Valley of Federals, invaded the United States, menaced Washington, and compelled Grant to send thousands of soldiers from the Army of the Potomac to Washington and the Shenandoah. Lee then instructed Early to remain in the Valley, hoping that his presence would protect logistical production and open a true second front in Virginia that would siphon more troops from Grant’s army.